Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Fecal analysis: bacteriology

Contributor(s): Kathleen P Freeman, James Simpson

Overview

  • Bacterial infections can cause severe diarrhea, especially in young animals.
  • Fecal culture can demonstrate these bacteria and with sensitivity testing suggest effective antimicrobial therapy.

Sampling

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Tests

Methodologies

  • Growth on selective and nonselective media with identification of significant colonies.

Availability

  • Widely available.

Technique (intrinsic) limitations

  • May have false negative cultures when pathogens present.
  • It is important to carry out at least two samplings as pathogens are excreted intermittently.

Technician (extrinsic) limitations

  • Requires special knowledge and techniques for accurate isolation and identification of potential pathogens.

Result Data

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Further Reading

Publications

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Marks S L et al (1999) Evaluation of methods to diagnose Clostridium perfringens-associated diarrhea in dogs. JAVMA 214(3), 357-360.


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