Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Liver: congenital diseases

Synonym(s): Congenital hepatobiliary disorders, Primary hypoplasia of the portal vein, Microvascular dysplasia, Noncirrhotic portal hypertension, Hepatic arteriovenous malformation, Congenital cystic liver disease, Congenital hepatic fibrosis

Contributor(s): Daniel Batchelor, Nick Bexfield

Introduction

  • There is much confusing terminology in the literature regarding congenital liver diseases of dogs and cats. Currently recognized diseases are as follows:

Primary hypoplasia of the portal vein (PHPV)

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Hepatic arteriovenous malformation

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Congenital cystic liver diseases

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Biliary atresia

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Brown D L, van Winkle T, Cecere T et al (2010) Congenital hepatic fibrosis in 5 dogs. Vet Pathol47(1), 102-107 PubMed.
  • Chanoit G, Kyles A E, Weisse C et al (2007) Surgical and interventional radiographic treatment of dogs with hepatic arteriovenous fistulae. Vet Surg 36, 199 PubMed.
  • G√∂rlinger S, Rothuizen J, Bunch S E et al (2003) Congenital dilatation of the bile ducts (Caroli's disease) in young dogs. J Vet Intern Med 17, 8-32 PubMed.
  • Bunch S E, Johnson S E, Cullen J M (2001) Idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension in dogs: 33 cases (1982-1998). J Am Vet Med Assoc 218(3), 392-399 PubMed.
  • Christiansen J S, Hottinger H A, Allen L et al (2000) Hepatic microvascular dysplasia in dogs: a retrospective study of 24 cases. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 36, 385-389 PubMed.
  • McAloose D, Casal M, Patterson D , Dambach D (1998) Polycystic kidney and liver disease in two related West Highland White Terrier litters. Vet Pathol 35,7-81 PubMed.
  • van den Ingh T S, Rothuizen J, Meyer H P (1995) Portal hypertension associated with primary hypoplasia of the hepatic portal vein in dogs. Vet Rec 137(17), 424-427 PubMed.
  • Moore P F, Whiting P G (1986) Hepatic lesions associated with intrahepatic arterioportal fistulae in dogs. Vet Pathol 23(1), 57-62 PubMed.
  • van den Ingh T S, Rothuizen J (1985) Congenital cystic disease of the liver in seven dogs. J Comp Pathol 95(3), 405-414 PubMed.
  • McKenna S C, Carpenter J L (1980) Polycystic disease of the kidney and liver in the Cairn Terrier. Vet Pathol 17, 436-442 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Berent A C & Weisse C (2010) Hepatic vascular anomalies. In: Ettinger S J & Feldman E C. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 7th Ed. Chapter 276, pp 1649-1672. Elsevier, St Louis, USA.
  • Cullen J M, van den Ingh T S, Bunch S E et al (2006) Morphological classification of circulatory disorders of the canine and feline liver. In: Rothuzien J Bunch S E Charles J A et al WSAVA standards for clinical and histological diagnosis of canine and feline liver diseases. Elsevier, Oxford, England Chapter 4 pp 41-60.
  • van den Ingh T S G A M, Cullen J M, Twedt D C et al (2006) Morphological classification of biliary disorders of the canine and feline liver. In: Rothuzien J Bunch S E Charles J A et al WSAVA standards for clinical and histological diagnosis of canine and feline liver diseases. Elsevier, Oxford, England Chapter 5 pp 61-76.


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