Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Skin: pattern baldness

Synonym(s): Pattern alopecia, Acquired pattern alopecia

Contributor(s): Rosanna Marsella, David Scarff

Introduction

  • Relatively common dermatosis, particularly in the Dachshund Dachshund.
  • Cause: genetic? gradual reduction in hair follicle size.
  • Signs: characterized by slow thinning of the hair coat.
  • Diagnosis: history, clinical signs, histopathology.
  • Treatment: none.
  • Prognosis: permanent alopecia but good quality of life.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • ?Genetic.

Pathophysiology

  • Genodermatosis → progressive decrease in hair follicle size → fine, short hair shafts (vellus hairs).

Diagnosis

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Cerundolo R, Lloyd D H & Pidduck H G (1999) Studies on the inheritance of hair loss in the Irish Water Spaniel. Vet Rec 145 (19), 542-554 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Gross T Let al(1992)Veterinary Dermatopathology.St Louis: Mosby Year Book. (Detailed histopathological findings).
  • Scott D Wet al(2000)Small Animal Dermatology.Eds: Muller G H & Kirk R W. 6th edn. W B Saunders Co. ISBN 0721676189. pp 965-966


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