Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Salivary gland: sialolith

Contributor(s): Rosa Ragni

Introduction

  • Rare.
  • Cause: mineralized deposits develop in saliva → may obstruct duct (most often parotid).
  • Signs: painful swelling of salivary gland.
  • Diagnosis: clinical signs, radiography.
  • Treatment: management: surgical exploration of duct from oral surface, removal of calculus.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Arise as a result of inflammation.

Pathophysiology

  • Discrete mineralized deposits (magnesium carbonate, calcium carbonate) develop in saliva Salivary gland: sialolith 03.
  • May cause obstruction of duct.
  • May be associated with mucocele Salivary mucocele.

Timecourse

  • Weeks to months.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Ryan T, Welsh E M, McGorum I & Yool D (2008) Sublingual salivary gland sialolithiasis in a dog. JSAP 49 (5), 254-256 PubMed.
  • Tivers M S & Moore A H (2007) Surgical treatment of a parotid duct sialolith in a bulldog. Vet Rec 161 (8), 271-272 PubMed.
  • Trumpatori B J, Geissler K & Mathews K G (2007) Parotid duct sialolithiasis in a dog. JAAHA 43 (1), 45-51 PubMed.


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