Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Bladder: trauma rupture

Contributor(s): Lori Ludwig, Elisa Mazzaferro

Introduction

  • Cause: blunt abdominal trauma, urethral obstruction, neoplasia, iatrogenic.
    In all cases of traumatic injury warn owner of potential complications at time of injury.
  • Signs: anuria/hematuria, frequent unsuccessful attempts to urinate, stranguria, abdominal distension (later), vomiting.
  • Diagnosis: clinical signs, contrast radiography, serum biochemistry abnormalities, sometimes presence of uroabdomen.
  • Treatment: surgery.
  • Prognosis: favorable if early treatment and no renal damage.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Blunt abdominal trauma: road traffic accident (RTA), kick, penetrating abdominal trauma Abdomen: trauma.
  • Urethral obstruction Urethra: obstruction : urolithiasis Urolithiasis , neoplasia Bladder: neoplasia , bladder retroflexion.
  • Neoplastic infiltration.
  • Iatrogenic (surgical misadventure, urethral catheterizaton, manual evacuation).

Pathophysiology

Timecourse

  • Hours to days.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers


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