Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Rhipicephalus sanguineus

Synonym(s): Brown dog tick, kennel tick

Contributor(s): Gad Baneth, Peter Irwin

Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Order: Arthropoda.
  • Class: Arachnida.
  • Suborder: Metastigmata.
  • Family: Ixodidae.
  • Genus: Rhipicephalus.
  • Species: Rh. Sangiuneus (Latrielle, 1806).

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • Adult ticks are most numerous in the ears and on the neck and between the toes of dogs.
  • Although R. sanguineus infests dogs almost exclusively it has been found on other hosts including horses, cattle, humans (very occasionally), cats, buffalo, camel, deer, goats, sheep, ground-feeding birds, hedgehogs and reptiles.
  • Larvae and nymphs are more likely than adults to be found on non-canines.

Lifecycle

  • 3-host tick, ie each stage falls off the host into the environment after feeding, molts and finds another host for the next stage.
  • Life cycle (egg to adult) can be completed in 63 days under favorable conditions. Experimentally, 65-90 days @ 29°C/80%RH, and 86-123 days @ 25°C/100%RH.

Pathological effects

  • Troublesome pest of dogs. Pathological effects include:

Control

Control via chemotherapies

  • A variety of on-animal acaricidal agents are effective at killing ticksin situon the host:
    • Organophosphate (OP) dips, washes, sprays.
    • Fipronil Fipronil (Frontline", Merial ®).

Control via environment

  • Spraying OP's or similar compounds.
  • Flaming (burning).

Vaccination

  • Nil.

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMedResource and PubMed.
  • (1991) Tick Information Sheet. The brown dog tick. Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Vet Clin N Am Small Anim Pract 21(1), 99-101.
  • Srivastava, S C & Varma M G R (1964) The culture of the tick Rhipicephalus sangiuneus in the laboratory. J Med Entomol 1(2),154-157.

Other sources of information

  • Helminths, Arthropods & Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. Ed. Soulsby E J L. Bailliere Tindall.

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