ISSN 2398-2993      

Distal limb intravenous regional anesthesia

obovis
Contributor(s):

Karin Mueller

Mike Reynolds

Synonym(s): IVRA, Bier block


Introduction

  • The use of intravenous regional anesthesia for clinical examination and surgical procedures of the distal limb.

Uses

Advantages

  • Inexpensive and minimal equipment needs.
  • Minimal side effects.
  • Allows standing surgery.
  • Minimal patient recovery time.

Disadvantages

  • Depending on accuracy of block placement, the area of desensitization can be variable.
  • Venipuncture is required.
  • Excellent handling facilities, good restraint Restraint techniques of the animal and its limb is required.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Kumar S, Khangembam S D, Gangwar A K, Yadav V P & Verma R K (2020) Distal intravenous regional anaesthesia for claw diseases in bovines. Indian J Anim Res 54 (5), 614-618 VetMedResource.
  • Mendez-Angulo J L, Granados M M, Modesto R et al (2020) Systemic and local effects of lidocaine or mepivacaine when used for intravenous regional anaesthesia of the distal limb in standing sedated horses. Equine Vet J 52 (5), 743-751 PubMed.
  • Yavari S, Khraim N, Szura G et al (2017) Evaluation of intravenous regional anaesthesia and four-point nerve block efficacy in the distal hind limb of dairy cows. BMC Vet Res 13 (1), 320 PubMed
  • Edmondson M A (2016) Local, regional and spinal anesthesia in ruminants. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 32 (3), 535-552 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Dugdale A (2010) Veterinary Anesthesia: Principles to Practice. Wiley-Blackwell.

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